WHICH HAS MORE OF A SINGLE MARKET: THE EU OR THE US?
CRAIG PARSONS, University of Oregon
April 9, 2021, 12:30-1:30pm
Most informed people know that the European Union is a powerful international organization that has opened up European countries with its “Single Market” project, but few realize just how far this project has gone. In many ways, the EU has moved well past the model it was supposedly copying—the United States—in removing regulatory barriers to interstate exchange and mobility. Professor Parsons will compare the extent of “single markets” in the EU and the US and then explain both sides of this surprising comparison.
Craig Parsons is Professor of Political Science at the University of Oregon and Senior Researcher at the ARENA Center for European Studies at the University of Oslo. A specialist of the European Union and political economy, he is the author of many journal articles and author or co-editor of six books: A Certain Idea of Europe (Cornell University Press), How to Map Arguments in Political Science (Oxford University Press), Immigration and the Transformation of Europe (Cambridge University Press), With US or Against US: European Trends in American Perspective (Oxford University Press), Constructing the International Economy (Cornell University Press), and Introduction to Political Science: How to Think for Yourself about Politics (Pearson).
with EMMA ASHFORD, Resident Senior Fellow, New American Engagement Initiative, Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, Atlantic Council
March 17, 2021, 12:15-1:15pm
Emma Ashford is a resident senior fellow with the New American Engagement Initiative in the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, which focuses on challenging the prevailing assumptions governing US foreign policy and seeks to develop effective solutions that preserve America’s security and prosperity. Her work focuses on questions of grand strategy, international security, and the future of US foreign policy. Previously, she was a research fellow in defense and foreign policy at the Cato Institute. She writes a bi-weekly column, “It’s Debatable,” for Foreign Policy, and is a regular contributor to Inkstick. She is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and holds a PhD in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia.
For students only. Limited to 15 participants.
Regina Smyth, Indiana University
David Ost, Hobart and William Smith College
Yuliya Brel, University of Delaware
February 26, 2021, 12:00-1:15pm
View the recording of the webinar HERE
A panel of experts will discuss the recent and ongoing mass protests in three Eastern European countries: protests against the Belarusian government and President Alexander Lukashenko; protests against judicial reforms and abortion restrictions in Poland; and pro-Alexei Navalny protests in Russia.
This event is organized in partnership with the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies at Claremont McKenna College.
February 23, 2021, 12:15-1:15pm
Muslims have had a continuous presence on the continent of Europe since the early eighth century CE. Since then, Islam has had a profound impact on the development of European societies and cultures. Over the centuries, non-Muslim Europeans have admired, feared, welcomed, rejected, and discussed both the faith and its practitioners according to changing political and socioeconomic conditions, which makes it difficult to quickly answer the question: what is European Islam, and what does Islam mean for Europeans? This talk will review both the demographic presence of Muslims in Europe, and the ways in which European intellectuals tried to understand–or willfully misunderstand–Islam and Muslims, from the earliest encounters to the twenty-first century. Modern-day headlines, particularly those concerned with “Islamic fundamentalism” or the US-led “War on Terror,” have tended to obscure the nuances of Europe’s long history with Islam. By reflecting on this history, it is to be hoped, we can put the current discourse on Islam in Europe into its proper context, and look past the divisive rhetoric employed by parts of the political establishment on both sides of the Atlantic.
Joel Pattison is a historian of the medieval Mediterranean, particularly of trade and religion in medieval Italy and the Maghrib. He received his undergraduate degree in history from Yale University, and his PhD in History from UC Berkeley. In 2019-20, he was a Fellow in Medieval Studies at the American Academy in Rome, and he is currently a visiting Scholar at Dartmouth College and a Visiting Lecturer at UCLA. He is currently working on a book about Genoese merchants in the Maghrib.
February 10, 2021, 10:00-11:30am
What does it mean to be poor in Britain and America? For decades, the primary narrative about poverty in both countries is that it has been caused by personal flaws or “bad life decisions” rather than policy choices or economic inequality. This misleading account has become deeply embedded in the public consciousness with serious ramifications for how financially vulnerable people are seen, spoken about, and treated. Drawing on a two-year multi-platform initiative, award-winning journalist and author Mary O’Hara, author of The Shame Game: Overturning the Toxic Poverty Narrative, asks how we can overturn this portrayal once and for all. Crucially, she turns to the real experts to try to find answers—the people who live it.
This program is presented in partnership with Scripps Presents, the IDEA Initiative, and Scripps International Community (SIC).
with OLIVIA ENOS, Senior Policy Analyst, Asian Studies Center, Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy, The Heritage Foundation
February 9, 2021, 12:15-1:15pm
Co-hosted with Politics Department, Pomona College
Olivia Enos, senior policy analyst in the Asian Studies Center at The Heritage Foundation, focuses on human rights and national security challenges in Asia. Her research spans a wide range of subjects, including democracy and governance challenges, human trafficking and human smuggling, religious freedom, refugee issues, and other social challenges in the region. She has a bi-monthly column in Forbes where she writes on the intersection between human rights challenges and national security concerns. She received a bachelor’s degree in government from Patrick Henry College in Purcellville, Va., and received a master of arts degree in Asian studies at Georgetown University.
For students only. Limited to 15 participants. Registration is now closed.
Barnard College, Columbia University
November 10, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
How is the pandemic of Covid-19 affecting Europe and the future of European integration? Starting from the perspectives of Southern Europe and in particular Italy, the first country to develop community spread in Europe, this talk explores the impact, challenges and vulnerabilities that Covid-19 is setting for the European Project. As an exercise of contemporary history, the talk will try to make sense of events in the recent past to offer an overview of the current impact of the pandemic in Europe. The disparate responses of European countries and the efforts of the European Commission to tackle the socio-economic crisis of the pandemic revealed the fragility of the European Project of integration based on freedom of movement and solidarity among member states. The economic recovery of the Eurozone risks emphasizing tensions and disparities among poorer and richer countries, as well as states urging fiscal austerity versus those supporting an increase in spending to face the economic downfall of lockdowns. While the EU’s long-term response is described as an opportunity to transition to a greener and more digitalized economy, the pandemic has also posed unprecedented challenges to the geopolitical survival and democratic legitimacy of the European project. What will be Europe’s place in the world after Covid-19?
Angelo Caglioti is Assistant Professor of European History at Barnard College, Columbia University. He holds a Laurea from the University of Padua and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 2017. He has been a Max Weber Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence (Italy), a Carson Fellow at the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society in Munich (Germany), and a Rome Prize Fellow in Modern Italian Studies at the American Academy in Rome. His research interests include late modern European history, environmental history, and the history of science, with a particular focus on Italy and the history of Fascism in the twentieth century.
with GRETCHEN FRANKE, U.S. Department of State
October 20, 2021, 12:15-1:15pm
For students only. Limited to 15 participants.
October 6, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
George Floyd’s killing at the hands of police galvanized an insurgent global movement for Black Lives. Protests in solidarity with Black Lives Matter drew thousands in major European capitals as people flouted pandemic related restrictions to stand in solidarity with African Americans facing police violence. In the UK, symbols of the colonial past came down in quick succession. Yet, larger structural issues remain unaddressed. While Europe birthed the concept of race, race is often treated as an American problem and few sociological studies address the centrality of race to the European project. This talk will address racial formation in the contemporary EU, what Omi & Winnant (2014) define as “the sociohistorical process by which racial identities are created, lived out, transformed and destroyed” (109). In particular, it begins by tracing the genealogy of race within colonial hierarchies and taxonomies with regards to Europe’s African colonies. The talk will then survey anti-racist movements beginning with the UK’s Black power movement of the 1970’s to today’s efforts to organize braccianti, hyper-exploited African (and South Asian) agricultural workers in Italy’s South. The talk seeks to address the contours of anti-racist movements in a European Union in which the question of migration is increasingly decoupled from the colonial past and present.
Fiori Sara Berhane is a PhD candidate at Brown University in the department of Anthropology. She is a socio-cultural anthropologist with a focus in migration studies, post-colonial Italy and the political anthropology of Europe. Her current project investigates generational conflict within the diasporan Eritrean community in Italy vis-à-vis the migration crisis. She is 2019-2020 Fellow in Modern Italian Studies at the American Academy in Rome. Her work has been funded by the Wenner Gren foundation, the Fulbright IIE and has been featured in Lavoro Culturale, Africa is a Country, and Anthropology Now. She is also engaged in public anthropology and critical pedagogies; her work can be accessed on A Correction podcast.
How Societies and States Count
September 22, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
Censuses are of course, accomplishments of states. Or are they? This talk will discuss how censuses are strongly affected by social actors in three ways. First, lay categories shape the format and content of census categories. Second, social actors reformulate these lay categories and pressure state actors to implement them in censuses. Third, the power dynamics among social and state actors shapes where and when state actors take up social actors demands for categories. These points are illustrated by censuses in the United States, Italy, and the United Kingdom historically and by the current debate over the citizenship question in the US census.
Rebecca Jean Emigh is Professor of Sociology at UCLA. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. She is a comparative/historical sociologist who studies long-term social change. She is the author of many articles and several books on censuses, historical demography, transitions to capitalism, and sociological theory and methods. She is currently working on the racialization and gendering of classical music in the United States in the twentieth century and the relationship between orality and literacy historically in the news, academia, and music.
with ERIN ROBERTSON, U.S. Department of State
September 15, 2021, 12:15-1:15pm
For students only. Limited to 15 participants. Registration for this event is now closed.
University of La Verne
March 5, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
In the fall of 2017 a referendum over independence in Catalonia was deemed illegal by the Spanish authorities. Over two years later half of the former autonomous government of Catalonia is in self-imposed exile and the other half is in jail with lengthy prison sentences that sparked unrest. The formation of a new coalition government of the left in Spain, after two general elections in 2019, might lead to a dialogue over a political solution for the Catalan impasse, or not. Just back from a sabbatical at the Barcelona Center for International Affairs (CIDOB) Dr. Minoves will analyze the history and politics of nationalism in Catalonia and Spanish political developments of the last decade.
Dr. Minoves is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the International Studies Institute at the University of La Verne, California, and has been a visiting professor at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris and at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs. Dr. Minoves teaches courses in Comparative Politics, European Politics, Comparative Foreign Policy, Model UN, Monarchy, Latin American Politics and International Organizations. He is also currently the Chair of the LatinX and Latin American Studies Program at ULV. Dr. Minoves has an undergraduate degree in Economics from the University of Fribourg (Switzerland), and two Master Degrees and a Ph. D. with distinction in Political Science from Yale University. He was the Foreign Minister of Andorra from 2001 to 2007, and Minister of Economic Development, Tourism, Culture and Universities, as well as Spokesman of the Government from 2007 to 2009. He had previously served as the first Ambassador Permanent Representative of Andorra to the United Nations in New York. During this period he had also been accredited as Ambassador to the United States and to Canada. In 1998 he was appointed as Ambassador of Andorra to the Kingdom of Spain, with concurrent accreditations to the United Kingdom, to Switzerland to Finland and Permanent Observer to the World Trade Organization. As Foreign Minister he negotiated the various 2004 agreements between Andorra and the European Union. He also made his country a member of the Iberian American Summit Meetings as well as the International Organization of the Francophonie and of the Union Latine. Dr. Minoves was elected 13th President of Liberal International (LI), the World Federation of Liberal Parties (founded at Oxford U. in 1947) in April of 2014 in Rotterdam, after almost a decade as an elected member of the LI Bureau. He was reelected President twice and ended his third and final term in December 2018 in Dakar. The LI Congress in Dakar appointed him President of Honour of Liberal International. The Governments of Portugal and of Italy have awarded Dr. Minoves their state honors for his diplomatic work: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Portugal 1997) and Grand Officer of the Star of Italy (2010).
US Department of State / Hoover Institution at Stanford University
February 18, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
Humanities Museum, Scripps College
Has Brexit set in motion a process that will ultimately led to the unraveling of the UK? Has Boris Johnson’s Withdrawal Agreement pushed Northern Ireland closer to Ireland economically and by extension further away from the UK?
The 2016 Brexit referendum threw the UK’s closest neighbor and EU partner into an existential crisis. It also shut down power sharing institutions in Northern Ireland for three years. Ireland has devoted enormous diplomatic capital and prestige into forging a EU position in support of Ireland’s Brexit Withdrawal Agreement position and any permanent divisions of the island. This talk will examine the future of Brexit and its implications for Ireland, both North and South, and the prospects for Irish unification. A former U.S. Charge d’Affaires in Dublin will look at Boris Johnson’s resounding victory and the implications for the negotiations on the long-term UK/EU relationship. He will also discuss U.S. interests and the effects on the Good Friday Agreement.
Reece Smyth, representing the US Department of State, is a National Security Affairs Fellow for the academic year 2019–20 at the Hoover Institution. A career member of the Senior Foreign Service, Reece served as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the US Embassy in Dublin from January 2017 to July 2019, where he advanced US bilateral relations with Ireland on trade, investment, and cyber security. Previous assignments include as the political counselor at the US Embassy in Beirut and the deputy director of the State Department’s Office of UN Political Affairs. Reece also served at the US Mission to NATO as the action officer in the NATO-Russia Council, as senior economic officer in the State Department’s Office of Arabian Peninsula Affairs, and as a watch officer in the Operations Center. Other overseas tours include Skopje, Sarajevo, and Islamabad.
Sara Wallace Goodman
University of California, Irvine
February 5, 2020, 12:15-1:15pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
What do citizens do in times of democratic crisis? When democracy is under threat, do everyday citizens activate and mobilize, or do they hunker down, demobilize, and express greater support for homogeneity (like speaking English)? Scholars, pundits and policy experts have largely focused on elite behavior and institutional guardrails, but the citizenry is a foundation to any story about democracy under threat. This talk will examine civic obligation in unsettled democratic times from the perspective of citizens themselves. It will present the results of a three-country study of the US, UK, and Germany designed to examine how democratic citizens define obligation and for whom, and it will highlight the importance of how democratic problems are framed, and the role of partisanship in defining civic obligation.
Sara Wallace Goodman is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Irvine (UCI), where she is also co-Director of the Jack W. Peltason Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD). Her research examines democratic inclusion and the shaping of political identity through citizenship and immigrant integration. She is the author of Immigration and Membership Politics in Western Europe (Cambridge University Press). Her research is also published in Journal of Politics, World Politics, and Comparative Political Studies.
December 5, 2019, 7pm
Humanities Auditorium, Scripps College
In October 1989, right before the fall of the Berlin Wall, Alex Kerner (Daniel Brühl) is living with his mom, Christiane (Kathrin Sass), and sister, Ariane (Maria Simon). But when the mother, a loyal party member, sees Alex participating in an anti-communist rally, she falls into a coma and misses the revolution. After she wakes, doctors say any jarring event could make her have a heart attack, meaning the family must go to great lengths to pretend communism still reigns in Berlin.
November 18, 2019, 6pm
Benson Auditorium, Pitzer College / Co-sponsored with CMC and CORA
A Catholic Pole, determined to heal a historical wound, launches a crusade to reconcile Poles and Jews over a massacre that happened 70 years ago.
Dr. Bogdan Bialek is a pathbreaking communal leader, psychologist, publisher, and moral exemplar. The movie Bogdan’s Journey tells of his remarkable educational and reconciliation effort to address the events of July 4, 1946 murders (pogrom) in Kielce, Poland. The Kielce pogrom began with a blood libel and led to 45 deaths of Holocaust survivors. The controversy around those events continues to this day.
The film covers the period of ten years in which Bialek created a coalition of Poland’s leaders, teachers, and ordinary citizens to foster public discussions, memorials, and educational encounters. Bialek’s efforts reflect a period of historical reckoning that is taking place in Europe and especially in Poland with the publication of Jan Gross’ Fear. Fear: Antisemitism in Poland After Auschwitz – An Essay in Historical Interpretation was accused of sullying “the good name of Poland.”
The work of the film has led to the founding of a permanent exhibit in the building where the pogrom took place along with a series of seminars for high school teachers to address antisemitism and xenophobia. Dr. Bogdan’s efforts are seen as treasonous by some but by others as clearing a path for historical accuracy and acknowledgment. Dr. Bielek’s leadership as a journalist and practicing Catholic are part of the power of the documentary’s opening for dialogue.
Thirty years after the Wall fell: What Bruce Springsteen, Donald Trump, and my host family can teach us about German reunification
Brigham Young University
November 7, 2019, 12:15-1:15pm
Oldenborg, Pomona College
The talk will take stock of German reunification after 30 years, in politics, economics, and culture. Politically, the 1988 Bruce Springsteen concert in East Berlin frames the widespread hope that Eastern Germans would enjoy the opportunity to fully participate in democratic life. Donald Trump’s complaint about Germany’s trade surplus helps to focus the economic discussion and locate Eastern Germany in an all-German economic context. Finally, an East-and-West German host family from the 1980s helps illustrate the linkages among Eastern and Western Germans today.
Wade Jacoby is Mary Lou Fulton Professor of political science at Brigham Young University. He is author of Imitation and Politics: Redesigning Modern Germany (Cornell) and The Enlargement of the EU and Nato: Ordering from the Menu in Central Europe (Cambridge). He has published articles in World Politics, Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, and many others. He received the DAAD Prize for his scholarship on Germany and the EU and was a Braudel Fellow at the European University Institute and a Senior Fellow at the US Treasury. Jacoby is co-editor of German Politics and serves on the editorial boards of Governance and European Security.
Painter and Video Artist
October 31, 2019, 12:15-1:15pm
Oldenborg, Pomona College
In 1984, painter and video artist Stefan Roloff, then living in New York, visited his native West Berlin to film the so-called “death zone.” This surreal tract of land was a Kafkaesque architectural reality within which guards did their daily duty. They stood at attention ready to shoot people who might attempt to escape their country, from Communist East Germany to the West or, simply put, from one Berlin borough to the next. In 2017, Roloff wallpapered stills from this footage on to a monumental 300 yard stretch of the original Berlin wall, transforming them into water color-like pieces. Roloff will talk about his experience of growing up on the “island” of West Berlin, surrounded by the wall and the way it influenced his life and artistic concept. He has been a featured speaker at Cooper Union, Columbia University and Amherst College, among others.During his talk, the original footage will be screened.
University of Denver
October 23, 2019, 12:15-1:15pm
Clark Humanities Museum, Scripps College
Many academic and think tank commentators on the EU have converged on the notion over the last half dozen years or so that the EU is fragmenting, disintegrating, or has been severely weakened by the financial crisis, Brexit and other nationalist challenges, and by an inherent inability to respond to the challenges of the contemporary period. Martin Rhodes will argue that not only is this perspective wrong, but that the reverse has occurred, i.e., that the EU has been strengthened by these challenges and that integration and supranationalization has deepened. Traditional theories of EU integration—intergovernmentalism and neofunctionalism—do not allow us to comprehend the nature of these developments because neither has an analytical purchase on institutional consolidation, which Rhodes maintains is the principal outcome of the upheavals of the last decade.
Martin Rhodes is Professor of Political Economy and Distinguished University Professor at the Josef Korbel School, University of Denver. Until 2006, he was Professor of Comparative Public Policy at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. His main research interests are in comparative and EU public policy in banking and finance, labor markets, and welfare states.
University of California, Riverside
October 10, 2019, 12:15-1:15pm
Clark Humanities Museum, Scripps College
Support for Brexit in the referendum was higher in areas suffering structural economic problems (high unemployment, low wages, deindustrialization). This talk proposes an integrated theoretical framework that explains the high support for Brexit in declining areas of the United Kingdom. In particular, it will discuss the interplay between contextual economic factors and individual attitudes such as xenophobia, ethnocentrism, and Euroscepticism. Economic factors are critical because they shape cultural attitudes. British citizens who live in economically depressed and declining districts are more likely to develop anti-immigrant and Eurosceptic views. These cultural grievances, in turn, explain support for Brexit.
Miguel Carreras is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Riverside. He received a PhD from the University of Pittsburgh in 2014. He has broad research interests in comparative political behavior and elections. His current work analyzes how different aspects of the political environment shape citizens’ attitudes and political behavior.
The WENDE MUSEUM of the COLD WAR
Culver City, CA
Saturday, October 5, 9:30am-2:00pm
What was on TV in the Soviet Bloc? If “propaganda” is your immediate response, Watching Socialism: The Television Revolution in Eastern Europe will complicate the picture. Just like in the West, television was a part of everyday life in the Eastern Bloc, with varied programming, transnational reach, and even subversive potential. Both the capitalist West and the communist East attempted to leverage TV as a medium that represented modernity and progress during the Cold War. While television was indeed a tool that promised to spread communist ideology, the reality was more complex. The state had little control over how viewers received messages in the privacy of their living rooms. Audiences in some communist countries could get television signals from the West, which gave them a peek at the other side. And during the later years of the Cold War, socialist television introduced commercials, copied Western formats, and imported American series. Television was even occasionally appropriated to broadcast countercultural messages.
Co-curated by the Wende Museum and British scholars Sabina Mihelj and Susan Reid, Watching Socialism: The Television Revolution in Eastern Europe features excerpts from news programs as well as sitcoms, cartoons, subversive interventions, and other televised content alongside TV-related magazines, artifacts, toys, and television sets from the Eastern Bloc, offering a chance to experience what it was really like to watch TV on the other side of the Iron Curtain.
This event is open to students and faculty of Claremont Colleges only. To sign up, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
September 25, 2019, 6:45pm
The Athenaeum, Claremont McKenna College
Sponsored by Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies at CMC
Three years have passed since the British public voted for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union. But so far the British parliament has been unwilling, and a succession of Conservative governments unable, to deliver Brexit. David Andrews, professor of international relations at Scripps College, will assess the continuing deadlock in British politics, identify the United Kingdom’s remaining Brexit options, and survey the prospects for the UK’s future relationship with the EU.
David Andrews is a professor in politics and international relations at Scripps College, where he holds the Jungels-Winkler Chair of Contemporary European Studies. His areas of expertise include Atlantic political, security, and economic relations; the European Union and European integration; international relations, diplomacy and statecraft.
Workshop on EU Institutions and Foreign Policy
European Academy of Diplomacy
April 26, 2019, 12:15-4:00pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
Have we learned nothing? Public debt, finance, and crisis between the Eurozone and the Renaissance
Western Kentucky University
April 25, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
Public borrowing has a long and complicated history in European political and economic life. The social and cultural aspects of political indebtedness, however, have not always been fully considered. This talk considers what sorts of conclusions we should draw about the present and future of Eurozone public finance by drawing links to the Renaissance origin point of many familiar credit practices, techniques and concepts.
Jeffrey Miner is an Assistant Professor of History at Western Kentucky University. His current book project, Public Debt and Civic Culture in Fourteenth-Century Genoa, examines how the fourteenth-century explosion of public indebtedness in Genoa inflected both private and public life. In it, he employs a wide variety of methodologies and draws on a breadth of sources including financial records, legal privileges, sermons and poetry. He has published and presented widely on the social and economic history of late medieval Genoa as well as Mediterranean merchant networks and Renaissance public finance. Recent publications include: “Letters, Networks and Reputation among Francesco di Marco Datini and his Correspondents;” “Genoa, Liguria, and the Regional Development of Medieval Public Debt;” “The Genoese Economy” with Stefan Stantchev; and “La logique sociale de la dette publique génouse avant la fondation de la Casa di San Giorgio (XIIIe – XVe siècle).”
From Triumph to Crisis: Creating Capitalism after Communism
Claremont McKenna College
March 12, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Humanities Museum, Scripps College
The surprising strength and endurance of neoliberal capitalist reforms remain the great unexplained mystery of post-Communist transition. Neoliberal reforms survived leftist returns to power, persisted across multiple governments, took place in successive reform pushes and, in their extent and endurance, defied scholars’ expectations. Newfound political freedoms were seldom used to reverse capitalist reforms and cultural norms did not force governments to abandon them. Instead, neoliberal reforms prevailed in these nascent polities for nearly two decades. This book presentation will argue that post-Communist transition was driven by a process of “competitive signaling” motivated by these countries’ desperate need for capital, their sudden opening up to the global economy, and the ideological dominance of neoliberal ideas. These factors set off a competition between post-Communist countries to signal their attractiveness to investors by quickly adopting neoliberal capitalist reforms. After the global financial crisis hit and capital flows to the region suddenly stopped, governments began to retreat from the neoliberal agenda. Moreover, support for alternative models of economic nationalism by opposition parties and mass groups began to take hold in several leading reformist countries.
Hilary Appel is the Podlich Family Professor of Government and George R. Roberts Fellow at Claremont McKenna College. Professor Appel’s research examines the politics behind post-Communist economic reforms, the role of EU and NATO in Eastern Europe, and issues of identity and politics in the post-Communist world. In addition to publishing multiple books, including most recently From Triumph to Crisis: Neoliberal Economic Reform in Postcommunist Countries, co-authored with Mitchell Orenstein (Cambridge University Press 2018), she has authored numerous articles in leading scholarly journals like World Politics, Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Review of International Political Economy, Post-Soviet Affairs, East European Politics and Societies, and others. She has been awarded national fellowships from the Social Science Research Council, American Council of Learned Societies, Fulbright Foundation, National Council for Eurasian and East European Research, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the Harriman Institute at Columbia University, and the Institute for the Study of World Politics. Last year Professor Appel received the G. David Huntoon Sr. Teaching Award at Claremont McKenna College.
Arctic Arms Race? Russia, NATO, and Securitization of the High North
University of Southern California
February 26, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
Mainstream US media and foreign policy pundits proclaim Russia’s growing threat to the Arctic. Yet the actual military balance in the region is lopsided in favor of the US and NATO. A narrative of looming conflict risks becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Professor Robert D. English is Deputy Director of the School of International Relations at the University of Southern California. At USC since 2001, he previously taught at the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (1998-2001) and, prior to that, worked as a policy analyst in the U.S. Department of Defense and Committee for National Security (1982-1987). He holds both a Masters of Public Affairs and a Doctorate in Politics from Princeton University (1982, 1995) and a Bachelors degree in History and Slavic Studies from the University of California, Berkeley (1980). He is currently studying trends in media coverage of Russia, and completing a biography of Mikhail Gorbachev. English specializes in Russian and post-Soviet international relations, and also teaches courses on political economy and nationalism in East-Central Europe.
New Trends Shaping the International Order – Perspectives from the United Nations
Ambassador of Finland to the United Nations
February 19, 2019, 6:00-7:00 pm
Humanities Museum, Scripps College
How essential is the Transatlantic relationship in face of increasing economic, political and military power of China and Russia? What should be the international response to global challenges such as climate change, migration and terrorism? Please join us for a discussion with Permanent Representative of Finland to the U.N., Ambassador Kai Sauer, who will share his views about UN’s role in the current international climate where the rules-based international order is under pressure and the status quo is replaced by re-distribution of power.
Ambassador Kai Sauer is the Permanent Representative of Finland to the United Nations. He has held the position since 2014. Ambassador Sauer has worked for the Finnish Foreign Ministry for nearly 25 years and served in Croatia, Kosovo, Austria and the US. Before moving to New York, Mr. Sauer served 4 years as the Ambassador of Finland to Indonesia, Timor-Leste and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. He has also held several senior UN positions. Ambassador Sauer was born in Hamburg, Germany in 1967. He graduated from Tampere University in 1995 with a Master’s in International Relations. He has also studied in Hamburg and Berlin. In 2007, the Finnish President awarded Ambassador Sauer the honorary title of First Class Knight of the Order of the Lion of Finland. In 2014, University of Tampere awarded him as the Alumni of the Year. Ambassador Sauer’s military rank is corporal.
it and the British constitutional crisis
February 12, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Oldenborg Center for Modern Languages and International Relations, Pomona College
Neither the agreement for withdrawal from the European Union so painstaking negotiated by Theresa May’s government nor any other plan for delivering on Brexit has been able to win majority support in the United Kingdom’s parliament. As a result, not only is Britain’s future relationship with the EU completely in doubt: so is the future of the British constitutional order. In this talk Scripps College Professor David Andrews will identify the United Kingdom’s remaining Brexit options, explain what should be done, and outline what is likely to happen instead.
David Andrews is a Professor of International Relations at Scripps College. In 2009, he was named a Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Interdisciplinary Studies by the European Commission, and in 2011, he was named the Gabrielle Jungels-Winkler Chair of Contemporary European Studies by Scripps College. Dr. Andrews received his formal education at Amherst College and UC Santa Cruz (B.A., American Studies), Brigham Young University (M.A., International Relations), and MIT (Ph.D., Political Science). Dr. Andrews research focuses on transatlantic relations, economic statecraft, and European integration, especially European monetary integration. His books include Governing the World’s Money (2002), The Alliance Under Stress: Atlantic Relations after Iraq (2005), International Monetary Power (2006), and Orderly Change: International Monetary Relations Since Bretton Woods (2008). In addition to his work at Scripps, Dr. Andrews has held visiting professor and scholar posts at the Naval Postgraduate School, University of Southern California, New York University, London School of Economics, and the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. In 1998, Dr. Andrews helped found the European Union Center of California and served as its director until 2016.
Can the EU Survive Today’s Illiberal Onslaught?
University of Pennsylvania
February 7, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Humanities Museum, Scripps College
The EU is currently being torn apart by illiberal forces. Nationalist-populist demagogues across the continent are being supported by outside powers with an interest in undermining the European project. These demagogues have latched onto concerns over migration and globalization to attack the core tenets on which the EU was founded: pooled sovereignty, minority rights, and rule of law. Fighting back against this illiberal onslaught requires tackling the central weakness of the European system: entrenched corruption and patronage.
Dr. Michael Carpenter is Senior Director of the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement and a nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council. He also serves on the board of directors of the Jamestown Foundation and on the advisory board of Lithuania’s National Defense Foundation. Dr. Carpenter served in the Pentagon as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense with responsibility for Russia, Eurasia, the Balkans, and Conventional Arms Control. He served in the White House as a foreign policy advisor to Vice President Joe Biden as well as on the National Security Council as Director for Russia. Prior to that, Dr. Carpenter was a career Foreign Service Officer with the State Department. He holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California at Berkeley and a B.A. in International Relations from Stanford University. Carpenter received fellowships for his academic work from the MacArthur Foundation, IREX, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Fulbright Foundation. Dr. Carpenter regularly appears as a commentator on foreign affairs for MSNBC, BBC, CNN, ABC, NBC, Bloomberg, and Voice of America.
The Catalan Challenge to the Spanish Regime One Year After
Joan Ramon Resina
January 28, 2019, 12:15-1:15 pm
Hampton Room, Scripps College
The Catalan referendum of independence of October 1st, 2017 put Spanish democracy to a test 40 years into its existence. The referendum and declaration of independence posed the question of legitimacy by invoking the right of self-determination. The reaction of the central government to dismiss the Catalan Parliament and to persecute elected officials with prison and judicial action, although allegedly based on the constitutional charter, has been described as rule-bending and contrary to justice. Spain is today the only member of the European Union that holds people in prison for their political beliefs. The ultimate, although non-binding, legal determination will come from the European Court of Human Rights. But it will be years before the case reaches that court. In the meantime Spain will keep them in prison, buying time in the hope of eradicating the independence movement through fear and repression. The trials political trials are scheduled to begin later this month.
Joan Ramon Resina is Professor in the Department of Iberian and Latin American Cultures and the Department of Comparative Literature at Stanford University, where he directs the Iberian Studies Program at the Europe Center. He holds a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature by U.C. Berkeley and a Ph.D. in English by the University of Barcelona. He has been visiting Professor at the Humboldt University in Berlin, Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico D.F., Universidad de Murcia, Universitat de València, the CUNY Graduate Center, and Columbia University. Awards include the Donald Andrews Whittier Fellowship at the Stanford Humanities Center, the Fulbright fellowship, the Alexander-von-Humboldt fellowship, a Wien International Scholarship, a DAAD grant, fellowships at the Simon Dubnow Institute in Leipzig and at the Internationales Kolleg Morphomata in Cologne, the Serra d’Or prize for literary criticism, the Omnium Cultural award (Ex Aequo with the TV channel Arte), and the Literary Criticism Award of the Institució de les Lletres Catalanes. He has published over one hundred and fifty essays in professional journals and collective volumes. Between 1998 and 2004 he was general editor of the journal Diacritics. Select books include: The Ghost in the Constitution: Historical Memory and Denial in Spanish Society (Liverpool UP, 2017), Josep Pla: The World Seen in the Form of Articles (Toronto UP, 2017), Barcelona’s Vocation of Modernity: Rise and Decline of an Urban Image (Stanford UP, 2008), Del Hispanismo a los Estudios Ibéricos. Una propuesta federativa para el ámbito cultural (2009), El postnacionalisme en el mapa global (Angle Editorial, 2005), El cadáver en la cocina: La novela policiaca en la cultura del desencanto (Anthropos, 1997), Los usos del clásico (Anthropos, 1991), Un sueño de piedra: Ensayos sobre la literatura del modernismo europeo (Anthropos, 1990). In addition, he has edited eleven collections of essays on different topics.